We come into circumstances in programming where we must choose a path from a set of options. In such cases, conditional statements are required. Conditional statements assist us in making informed decisions and taking appropriate actions. The general form of a typical decision-making framework present in most programming languages is shown below.
You can store numerous values in a single variable using the Array object. It keeps a fixed-size collection of elements of the same type in a sequential order. Although an array is used to hold data, it is often more beneficial to conceive of it as a collection of variables of the same type.